In the face of environmental safety of Russia still existing is one and the same problem – pollution of the Volga. Волжский бассейн, являющийся одним из крупнейших водоемов Европы занимает первое место по загрязненности в России. The Volga basin, which is one of the largest reservoirs in Europe, ranks first in terms of pollution in Russia. According to studies, such major tributaries of the Volga as Oka and Kama, today fall under the classification like “very dirty”.
Rivers in the regions located along the Terek and Don are at risk of replenishing this list. In order to prevent further pollution and clean up already polluted waters Ministry of Construction of Russia together with the Ministry of Environment plans to expand the program of the federal project “Rehabilitation of Volga-river”, to include the area near the Terek and Don.
For the recovery of the rivers is planned to build a modern sewage treatment plants, whose efficiency compared with the current facilities will be greater by at least 30%. If the project receives sufficient support from the authorities and the local population, already by 2024 the number of river flows will be reduced at least 3 times.
However, not everything is so simple. . The project is a project until it becomes clear whether the budget will be enough for him. According to Deputy Ministry of Construction, Housing and Utilities of the Russian Federation the final decision will depend on the capacity of the federal budget, because it is federal funds make up the bulk of the funding activities of the project “Rehabilitation of Volga-river”.
Speaking about the main causes of pollution of the Volga, it is worth mentioning the abandoned sewage and stormwater, because of which fall into the Volga oil and chemical waste. 90% of the latter are retained in reservoirs and deposited on the bottom, thereby contaminating the water. However, not only the livelihoods of people carries the risk of the Volga: blue-green algae, which cover up to 30% of the reservoirs, has already established itself the natural enemies of the river, because they emit up to 300 kinds of organic compounds, a quarter of which are poisonous.